Mobile Crowdsensing

Mobile Crowdsensing

Mobile crowdsensing is a recent and emerging paradigm which leverages the sensing data from the mobile devices of people (the crowd) to serve various goals. These include business goals as for example designing and evaluating a health care product. But mobile crowdsensing systems may also be used to improve public and individual services. Concrete examples include weather monitoring in rural areas of East Africa as well as participatory citizen sensing systems for sharing information on water conditions and flooding in Vicenza, Italy and Doncaster, UK.

In current applications of mobile crowdsensing the view point of crowd participants is frequently neglected or extremely simplified. We have conducted several experiments suggesting that this neglect may yield to enormous efficiency loss in terms of costs and time. Crowdsensing can be viewed as a market. Unlike old-known markets where goods are supplied by companies, here the goods are the cumulative product of a large amount of people. The participants in crowdsensing usually operate no specialized business, but qualify due to circumstances that they own desired resources. They obtain benefits for their participation in the form of idealistic, monetary, or other personal rewards. We view the crowd from a perspective, where contributors are aware of their value. We aim to distribute crowdsensing tasks to balance and minimize loads imposed on the participants.